Health Risks Linked to Obesity
- Heart disease and stroke.
- High blood pressure.
- Some cancers.
- Gallbladder disease and gallstones.
- Breathing problems, such as sleep apnea (when a person stops breathing for short episodes during sleep) and asthma.
Consequences of Obesity
- All-causes of death (mortality)
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides (Dyslipidemia)
- Type 2 diabetes.
- Coronary heart disease.
- Gallbladder disease.
- Osteoarthritis (a breakdown of cartilage and bone within a joint)
What are 5 health problems caused by obesity?
Health Risks of Overweight & Obesity
- Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. …
- High blood pressure. …
- Heart disease. …
- Stroke. …
- Sleep apnea. …
- Metabolic syndrome. …
- Fatty liver diseases. …
Why is obesity a public health issue?
Obesity is a grave public health threat, more serious even than the opioid epidemic. It is linked to chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.
How does obesity compare to other health issues?
A higher BMI, beginning in the upper range of the normal weight category, is associated with increased mortality and increased risk for coronary heart disease, osteoarthritis, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and certain types of cancer. Even modest weight reductions can have substantial lifetime health benefits.
How does obesity affect the healthcare system?
The increased prevalence of obesity has been associated with increases in cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, degenerative joint disease requiring joint replacement, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, sleep apnea, cognitive dysfunction and others.