How does childhood obesity cause heart disease?

How does obesity influence heart disease?

Obese individuals require more blood to supply oxygen and nutrients to their bodies which causes an increase in blood pressure. Your body will also require more pressure to move this blood around. High blood pressure is also a common cause of heart attack, which are sadly more common for obese individuals.

Can obesity cause heart damage?

Severe obesity was associated with a nearly fourfold higher risk of heart failure and about a twofold higher risk for both coronary heart disease and stroke compared with rates for those with a normal body mass index.

What are the main causes of heart disease?

High blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and smoking are key risk factors for heart disease. Several other medical conditions and lifestyle choices can also put people at a higher risk for heart disease, including: Diabetes. Overweight and obesity.

How does diet cause cardiovascular disease?

Eating a diet high in saturated fats, trans fat, and cholesterol has been linked to heart disease and related conditions, such as atherosclerosis. Also, too much salt (sodium) in the diet can raise blood pressure. Not getting enough physical activity can lead to heart disease.

What is the biggest cause of heart attacks?

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the main cause of heart attack. A less common cause is a severe spasm, or sudden contraction, of a coronary artery that can stop blood flow to the heart muscle.

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What are the six main risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

The main risk factors for CVD are outlined below.

  • High blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the most important risk factors for CVD. …
  • Smoking. …
  • High cholesterol. …
  • Diabetes. …
  • Inactivity. …
  • Being overweight or obese. …
  • Family history of CVD. …
  • Ethnic background.

Can dieting cause heart problems?

Heart Problems: Sudden weight loss can damage the blood vessels which further leads to fluctuations in heart rate, blood pressure, irregular heart rhythm, thus increases the risk of heart failure. Although exercises aid in weight loss, they can be dangerous for heart health.